A style of cartoon animation originating in Japan, with distinctive character and background stylings that visually set it apart from other forms of animation. The term is a transliteration of the English term "animation." Storylines are typically fictional; examples of anime representing most major genres of fiction exist. Anime is broadcast on television, distributed on media such as DVDs, or included in console and computer games. Anime is influenced by Japanese comics known as manga. The history of anime begins at the start of the 20th century, when Japanese filmmakers experimented with the animation techniques that were being explored in the West. During the 1970s, anime developed further, separating itself from its Western roots, and developing unique genres such as mecha (science fiction featuring war machines and giant robots). In the 1980s, anime was accepted in the mainstream in Japan and experienced a boom in production. The 1990s and 2000s saw an increased acceptance of anime in overseas markets. Major genres include science fiction, comedy, drama, fantasy, horror, harem, children's, mecha, romance, samurai-era, shōnen (aimed at young boys), space opera, and sports. (from Wikipedia)
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