(1877-1966). General and politician; a leader of the ultranationalist Imperial Way faction. Native of Tokyo; graduate of the Army Academy and the Army War College. Involved in the attempted military coup d'état in 1931. In 1938, as minister of education, he promoted military instruction in the schools. Tried as a class-A war criminal after World War II, Araki was sentenced to life imprisonment, but was paroled in 1954 because of ill health and later pardoned. (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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