(1858-1941). French philosopher. Influential in the first half of the 20th century. He is well known for his brilliant and imaginative philosophical works, which won him the 1927 Nobel Prize in Literature. His works include Time and Free Will (1889), Matter and Memory (1896), Laughter (1901), Introduction to Metaphysics (1903), Two Sources of Morality and Religion (1932), and The Creative Mind (1934). (from The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, copyright 2001-2005 Columbia University Press).
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