School of Japanese painting of the 18th and 19th centuries based on the Chinese tradition of the scholar-amateur artist. The artists had in common an admiration for Chinese culture, particularly the literati painting of the Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties (13th-20th centuries). The literati style comprised landscape painting by scholar-gentlemen -- proficient in the skills of calligraphy, poetry, and painting -- who disdained any display of virtuoso brushwork as characteristic of the purely technical proficiency of academic painting. (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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