The largest of Japan's four major islands. The majority of the country's population and industries are concentrated on this island. Its terrain is predominantly mountainous, with plains along the coast. Area (including offshore islands): 230,940 sq km (89,166 sq mi). Includes many of Japan's most industrialized and urbanized cities, including Tokyo, Kyoto, and Osaka. (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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