(1855-1917). Mathematician and education adminstrator noted for furthering the study of mathematics in Japan. Born in Edo (now Tokyo). After studying mathematics at Cambridge University in England, he returned to Japan and became a professor at Tokyo University, where he later founded the mathematics department. His Shotō kikagaku kyōkasho (1888, Elementary Geometry Textbook) was the most widely used textbook in Japan until the end of World War II. He served as president of Tokyo University (1898-1901) and as minister of education (1901-03). He is also known for his research into wasan, the native mathematics of Japan. (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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