(1912-94). North Korean political leader, chief of state of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (1948-94); originally named Kim Sung Chu. He was trained in Moscow before World War II, and in 1945 he became chairman of the Soviet-sponsored People's Committee of North Korea (later the Korean Workers' party). In 1948, when the People's Republic was established, he became its first premier. Between 1950 and 1953 he led his nation in the Korean War. In 1972 he relinquished the premiership but retained his position as North Korea's leader by assuming the presidency under a revised constitution. Under his rule, North Korea increased its military forces, embarked on a program of industrialization, and maintained close relations with both China and the Soviet Union. (from the Columbia Encyclopedia, Copyright 2005, Columbia University Press).
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