Labor Union Act
Law passed in 1945 extending the right to strike to all workers except prison guards, fire fighters, and police officers; protected workers from discharge because of labor activities; and established Labor Relations Commissions composed of labor, management, and public representatives to apply and enforce the law. This law was part of the Occupation's efforts to reform Japanese society. Occupation authorities considered the development of an organized labor movement, along with land reform and educational reform, one of the primary means of preventing the resurgence of militarism in post-World War II Japan. (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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