(Meiji Shrine). A Shinto shrine at Yoyogi, Shibuya Ward, Tokyo; dedicated to the spirits of Emperor Meiji (1852-1912) and his consort Empress Shōken (1850-1914). In recognition of the great contribution made by Emperor Meiji to the modernization of Japan, the Imperial Diet passed a resolution in 1913 to build a shrine in his honor. Virtually destroyed in the air raid of April 14, 1945, the shrine was reconstructed by 1958. The annual festival is held on November 3, Emperor Meiji's birthday, which is a national holiday (Culture Day). (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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