City in southern Iwate prefecture, northeast Honshū. Mizusawa developed as an outpost when Sakanoue no Tamuramaro built a fortress there in 802. It was a castle town during the Edo period (1600-1868). Local products are rice, fruits, and Nanbu cast-iron goods. Pop. 61,000. (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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