(1847-89). Prominent educational statesman, diplomat, and outspoken proponent of Western thought and social practices early in the Meiji period (1868-1912). He was Japan's first envoy to Washington (1871-73), and while in the States he surveyed US educational and social institutions. As Japan's first minister of education (1885-89) he imposed much of the elitist, statist, and utilitarian structure and tone of pre-World War II Japanese education. (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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