A monastic complex of the Shingon sect located on Mt. Kōya, Wakayama Prefecture. Containing over 110 temples and monasteries, it is considered one of the most sacred places in Japan. The main temple, Kongōbuji, traditionally has been associated with Kūkai (founder of Shingon esoteric Buddhism) and contrasted with Mt. Hiei (the Tendai sect complex near Kyoto). (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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