Temple in Ukyo Ward, Kyoto, belonging to the Myoshinji branch of the Rinzai sect of Zen Buddhism. Ryōanji was built in 1450, and during the following century many well-known Zen monks stayed there. Among its patrons were the Kosokawa family, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu. The temple is particularly noted for its Zen-style rock garden executed in the kare-sansui ("dry landscape") mode, reportedly the work of the artist Sōami (ca 1455-1525). (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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