Far Eastern Comission
(FEC). Inter-Allied body responsible for the formulation of policy for the occupation of Japan (1945-52). The Commission consisted of representatives from the United States, the United Kingdom, the USSR, China, France, the Netherlands, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, and the Philippines. Burma and Pakistan subsequently became members. The FEC's functions were to formulate policies for the fulfilment by Japan of the surrender terms of the Potsdam Declaration and to review directives or actions by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) in Japan. The FEC's importance declined after 1948 when US policy began to emphasize economic development over the implementation of surrender terms. (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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