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Hagiwara Sakutaro

(1886-1942) Poet. Acclaimed for his extraordinarily brilliant free-style poems, Hagiwara is generally considered to have established modern colloquial poetry in Japan. His first collection of poems, Tsuki ni hoeru (1917; tr Howling at the Moon, 1978) marked an epoch in Japanese poetry. He used precise language that appealed to his musical sense and did not use the symbolism of Hakushū and other contemporary poets. Other famous works include Aoneko (1923; tr Blue Cat, 1978), Shi no genri (1928, Principles of Poetics), and Shukumei (1939, Fate). (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)

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