Ministry of Education
(Mombushō). Ministry of the national government, established in 1871, responsible for the administration of Japan's educational system and for the setting of national educational standards. The ministry provides guidance, advice, and fiscal assistance to prefectural and local boards of education. It also has substantial control over the curricula, the production and content of textbooks, the training of teachers, and the standards of equipment used in schools. The ministry oversees the administration of the national universities as well as nationally established junior and technical colleges, museums, and education research institutes. (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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