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National Learning School

(kokugaku). Movement in late 17th- and 18th-century Japan that emphasized Japanese classical studies. The movement received impetus from the Neo-Confucianists, who stressed the importance of Chinese Classical literature. The Mito school of scholars, for example, initiated a monumental work, the Dai nihon shi (History of Great Japan), based on the Chinese model of histories. Soon, though, the Kokugaku movement attempted a purge of all foreign influences, including Buddhism and Confucianism. The National Learning movement culminated in the Fukko (Restoration) school of Shinto under the leadership of such men as Kamo Mabuchi, Motoori Norinaga, and Hirata Atsutane. The Shinto revival, Kokugaku movement, and royalist sentiments of the Mito school all combined in the Meiji period (1868-1912) in the restoration of imperial rule and the establishment of Shinto as a state cult. (from "Kokugaku." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopedia Britannica Premium Service. 1 Apr. 2006 ).

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