(1886-1965). Author. Tanizaki made his literary debut in 1910 as an adherent of the romantic movement in Japanese literature, which had emerged in opposition to Japanese naturalism, then at the height of its influence. In his later writings he went on to explore his own sexual conflicts and sought to discover how man could wrest spiritual salvation from the baser struggles of the flesh. Many of these works are the stories of men who find their ultimate happiness in absolute devotion to women who are either haughty or pure and unapproachable. His most lasting works include Sasameyuki (The Morioka Sisters), Kagi (The Key), Yume no ukihashi (The Bridge of Dreams), and Tade kū mushi (Some Prefer Nettles). (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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