Places, Images, Times & Transformations

Whitney, Courtney

(1897-1969). US lawyer, major general, and close adviser to General Douglas MacArthur. Head of the Government Section of SCAP (headquarters of the Allied Occupation of Japan) from 1945 to 1951, he was a dominant figure in the constitutional and legal reform of Japan and in the purge of wartime leaders. When MacArthur was relieved of command in 1951, Whitney left military service. He wrote MacArthur, His Rendezvous with History (1956). (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)

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